Perhaps the most commonly used slang term for dollars, it is believed to originate from early American colonists who would often trade deerskins, or buckskins. Even better than bread or dough is a food that has icing and is served at parties. Perhaps an obvious one, but still useful. Not necessarily a slang term when employed in a business context, but can also be used as slang to refer to any kind of money, not just capital.
Does that make cents? See what I did there? Like cabbage and lettuce , this green veggie also means money. This mostly means a deliciously spicy Mexican taco, but is also slang for money. If someone has the cheddar, it means they must be making bank. A nickname for money because Americans used to receive cheese as a welfare benefit. A reference to poker chips, it now just means money. This refers to a small amount of money, like the amount of cash a chump would have.
Looking to borrow money from a friend? In the US, a dime is the coin worth ten cents, but the term can be used to mean money or an expense in general. Okay, this one is mostly an excuse to link to this rap classic from A British slang term for money. This term means a twenty-dollar bill, so two dubs refers to 40 bucks. A gold or silver coin that was used in Europe, mostly in Venice, starting from the Middle Ages.
The very American pronunciation of the previous word is used to refer to poker chips—but also money. A gross mispronunciation of the Spanish word feria , which in Mexico is used to mean coins. A hip-hop term to describe the number of figures in an amount of money. A slang term for five-dollar bills.
A five-dollar bill. This refers to the stuff that folds, i. And once again, we are back to our friend Benjamin, who appears on that much-beloved one-hundred-dollar bill. Does this need any explanation? Grant, whose face is featured. A reference to the color of American money. A form of American currency printed in the Civil War.
The front of the bill was printed in black while the back was printed in green. Same pronunciation as gwop , this refers to a large amount of money. Not as expensive as a Franklin or a Benjamin, this refers to President Andrew Jackson who appears on the twenty-dollar bill. Refers to the prefix kilo , i.
This one can actually be confusing. While M is the Roman numeral for a thousand, when used with money, it usually means a million. Many banks will use this to refer to millions of dollars. This is another popular abbreviation of million, when talking dollars. This is another age-old slang term for money, but nobody seems to really know where it originated. An old investment saying goes: "Even a dead cat will bounce if it is dropped from high enough.
Garbatrage: When price and trading volume in a particular sector surge due to a high-profile takeover in that industry. Speculators often predict that more takeovers are right around the corner, even if they actually aren't. Also known as "rumortrage. Jennifer Lopez: An informal term that describes what happens when a security reaches a low, then gradually starts to go up again.
On a graph, it looks like a curve at the bottom, which is why investors named it after the admirably round-bottomed singer. Puke point: Puking, in this case, is slang for selling an asset as the value is plummeting. The "puke point" is the point at which the investor can no longer stomach the losses, and decides to sell the asset, regardless of its steeply falling price.
Razorblade model: When businesses sell dependent goods for different prices. The first part is sold cheaply, but the second part is much pricier. It's not unlike razors with replaceable blades. Often the razor is pretty cheap, but customers have to keep replacing the blade cartridges, and that cost adds up.
Rust Bowl: A bummer phrase used to describe northeast and midwestern areas where the auto and steel industries used to thrive, and now either languish, or quasi-thrive thanks to federal help. As Investopedia puts it : "The term 'Rust Bowl' essentially epitomizes catastrophic economic change. Sandwich generation: It sounds like a fun term, but the sandwich generation actually refers to the age group sandwiched between their aging parents and young kids.
These adults are typically tasked with financially supporting both their older and younger dependents while trying to save for their own retirements. The sandwich gen may eat actual sandwiches, but probably only as a way to save money or to stress-binge. Shark watcher: A firm that specializes in keeping a lookout for takeovers. Usually this means monitoring trading, keeping track of who's accumulating shares, and reporting noteworthy activity back to clients.
Sleeping beauty: A profitable company — usually a start-up — with impressive assets but bad management. These companies are great candidates for takeovers. Suicide pill: Any takeover prevention tactic that can end in the death of a company. Taking on extensive debt is one kind of suicide pill. So is offering shares at a discounted price to devalue the company. A company takes a suicide pill when it would prefer to go bankrupt than undergo a hostile takeover.
Sushi bond: A bond issued by a Japanese issuer in a non-yen currency. As Investopedia notes , "sushi bonds are especially popular with Japanese institutional investors, since these bonds do not count toward regulatory limits on foreign securities holdings.
Two currencies that make up a foreign exchange rate. Deutsche Aktienindex. An index of 30 blue chip German companies listed on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. Depository Trust and Clearing Corporation. Provides clearing and settlement services to the US financial markets. When an investor buys a substantial number of shares in a company as soon as the market opens. Often a prelude to a takeover bid. Buying and selling stocks during a trading day leaving no open positions at the close of the session.
A brief resurgence during a concerted fall in price. Derived from the idea that even a dead cat will bounce if it falls from a great height. One that is generally immune to changes in the general economic climate, such as a utility stock. A defined benefit pension scheme is much coveted as it will pay out a secure income for life on retirement that will typically increase each year in line with inflation.
Such plans have become increasingly rare as they can be relatively expensive for employers to service over time. Defined contribution schemes are occupational pension plans where the value of the ultimate benefits payable from depend on factors such as the amount of contributions paid, the investment return achieved on the funds invested.
Contributions come from both the employer and employee. Focus not just on rising share price but on the amount returned to shareholders in dividend payments, usually reinvesting the dividends in more stock. Sometimes called a DRIP - dividend reinvestment plan. A price-weighted average of 30 blue chip stocks listed on the New York Stock Exchange. One of the oldest and most widely quoted stock market indices.
Also known as the Dow. Duration is a measure of the sensitivity of the price of a bond to changes in interest rates. In general, in tends to be higher for government bonds with longer periods to go until maturity. Bond prices are inversely related to interest rates. A levy on the purchase of a specific product or raw material or import. It is a kind of consumption tax. Examples include Stamp duty on property and shares , fuel duty on petrol and diesel and alcohol duties. Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation.
Exchange-traded fund. The underlying assets of the fund are divided into shares, which are then traded. Usually follows an index. The enterprise value tends to be thought of as a theoretical takeover price if a company were to be bought.
It is calculated as market capitalisation plus debt, minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents. Official market place for trading assets, stock exchange , commodity exchange, currency exchange. Financial Conduct Authority. Regulates the financial services industry in the UK. The most widely used index for tracking the London market. Contains the most capitalised companies on the London Stock Exchange. A keyboard input error in the financial markets such as the stock market or foreign exchange market whereby an order to buy or sell is placed of far greater size than intended, for the wrong stock or contract, at the wrong price, or with any number of other input errors.
Also known as the Fed. There are 12 central reserve districts all with their own Federal Reserve bank. A currency set as legal tender by a government but that has no intrinsic value — banknotes, rather than gold. An independent service to rule on complaints that remain unsolved through normal company complaints procedures.
The decision of the ombudsman is binding, unless the firm appeals to the court. You must give the regulated firm eight weeks to resolve your complaint internally before going to the ombudsman. The most popular year-ends are 31 March and 31 December.
US A year-long period that a company or government uses for accounting and annual reports. UK The year from 6 April to 5 March each year. A very rapid, deep, and volatile fall in security prices occurring within an extremely short time period. The May 6, , flash crash was a trillion-dollar stock market crash on Wall Street, which started at pm EDT and lasted for 36 minutes.
Foreign exchange market. Where one currency is exchanged for another. Fear of missing out. Investing, without any analysis, just because everyone else is and they seem to be making money. Fear, uncertainty and doubt. Baseless negativity spread intentionally by a short seller who benefit if price of something to drop. Analysis of the value of a company using its accounts, its competition and the economy in general.
A more formal version of a forward contract, often used to hedge against movements in price of the underlying asset. An ambiguous intervener in a takeover battle , who makes a counterbid for the shares of the target company without having made their intentions clear. Focus on companies with above-average capital growth, even if the share price appears expensive using traditional metrics such as price-to-earnings or price-to-book ratios.
The origin guinea coins contained 7. The main index of the Hong Kong stock exchange. An investment fund that uses leverage and long and short positions across different asset categories to make an absolute return. Known for aggressive strategies. High yield bonds pay out a higher level of income than an investment grade bond.
This is because high yield bonds are deemed as riskier, often because the firms issuing such debt are small, start up companies or have a relatively high level of debt. International Securities Identification Numbering System. The unique code given to a security and used worldwide. The illegal use of inside information to make a profit or avoid a loss on market transactions. Companies such as pension funds and life-insurance funds. The big hitters of the financial markets.
The bonds issued by large-cap, blue-chip companies will usually be classified as investment grade debt. An investment trust is an investment vehicle that can be thought of as closed ended fund. It will be a listed company, investing in a portfolio of assets, so to buy shares in it and get exposure to the underlying investments you must acquire the shares of the investment trust on the stock exchange.
Individual Savings Account — tax free savings vehicle that can be used to invest in a range of assets and plans. An order to buy or sell when a particular price is reached. Guarantees a trade at that price. A society of specialist underwriters that have pooled money as a back-up for each other, incorporated under an act of parliament of and known as the corporation of Lloyd's.
It provides the premises, services, administrative staff and other facilities to enable the Lloyd's market to underwrite insurance business. When a central bank or other authority enters the market usually forex to buy and sell with the sole intention of manipulating prices. New version of the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive. The collateral needed in a margin account to trade — a proportion of the full value of the asset to be traded.
A demand from a broker for more money to be put into a margin account. Where you double your stake each time you lose until you eventually win back your entire losses and make a profit. Going long on a stock that has shown to be continually rising. Sometimes going short on a stock that is continually falling. The belief that the momentum will continue. Monte Carlo simulations are used to model the probability of different outcomes. It can be used as a technique to assess the impact of risk and uncertainty in forecasting investment returns.
Calculations comparing two or more factors to analyse relationships between variables and the resulting performance, often to help build portfolios that have specific characteristics. Major US exchange. Where many tech stocks are listed.
The leading index of the Tokyo Stock Exchange. Organisation of petroleum exporting companies. Over the counter. A financial contract, such as a derivative, that is tailor-made for a client and not traded on an exchange. A trade that has not yet been closed with an opposing trade and can still incur a profit or a loss. The right to buy a call option or to sell a put option a specific product at a specific price within a specified time.
An ownership interest in a listed company. Holders are entitled to vote on certain company issues and to receive dividends. The lower the PEG ratio, the more attractively valued the stock. These rank above ordinary shares. They have fixed rate dividends and no voting rights unless the dividend is in arrears.
It can be calculated by dividing the current closing price of the stock book value per share. A lower ratio could mean the stock is good value. A secret number that allows access to a cryptocurrency account. Known only by the account holder. A public code number attached to a cryptocurrency account. Available to people who want to trade with you. When the market is bullish and praises an asset, leading to a fast price increase, followed by a crash.
The right to sell an agreed amount of a commodity or security for an agreed price by an agreed date. R-squared represents the percentage of a fund or security's movements that can be explained by movements in a benchmark index. A general market index of stocks. The most common method of computing risk-adjusted return. It is the average return earned in excess of the risk-free rate per unit of risk. An order to sell at a price below the current market price if the price falls, designed to minimise losses.
Set investment strategies where returns are based on the performance of the underlying assets, which may include a single security, a basket of securities, options, indices , commodities, debt, forex or even derivatives. AKA supplier finance or reverse factoring; a set of solutions to optimise cash flow that enables businesses to lengthen their payment terms to suppliers. A type of derivative where two parties agree to exchange assets or cashflows for an agreed period. Order specifying the exact rate or variation from the current price point at which to close out an open order for a profit.
Aim to deliver positive returns in all market conditions. The funds set their target, usually against Libor aiming to beat it by two or three percentage points. A compulsory contribution to state coffers, levied by the government on the income of workers and the profits of businesses or on the sales of classes of products.
Focus on the statistical analysis of price movements, assuming the price correctly reflects all the available information about that stock. An investment approach based on looking at the market and the economy and picking stocks that could benefit from the situation. Latin for utmost good faith, the principle behind insurance that requires the policyholder to be honest and disclose all information that could affect the price. A financial institution that guarantees to buy a proportion of any unsold shares when a new issue is offered for sale to the public.
An investment strategy that focuses on buying securities that appear undervalued, focusing on investments that appear to be trading at a discount based on measures of relative value. Diverse, pooled investment fund, usually offered by an insurer, with profits and annual bonuses added to the policy. Income generated by an asset on an annual basis, expressed as a percentage of the asset's purchase or market price. A trade at the same price as the one immediately before it but higher than the transaction before that.
The week ahead update on major market events in your inbox every week. Indices Forex Commodities Cryptocurrencies Shares 30m 1h 4h 1d 1w. CFD trading Charges and fees. Analysis Insights Explainers Data journalism. Market updates. Webinars Economic calendar Capital. The basics of trading. Glossary Courses. Popular markets guides. Shares trading guide Commodities trading guide Forex trading guide Cryptocurrency trading guide Indices trading guide ETFs trading guide. Sean John Combs, a.
Actually, money is so important that people came up with dozens of ways to talk about it throughout the ages. Emerging in the US, the UK or elsewhere, slang words for money became a huge part of the language we use. But how well do you know them? Here are slang words and terms for money:. Perhaps because it is so beloved, money is often referred to as this breakfast treat.
The connection between bank and money needs no explanation. This one we covered above. The name references the appearance of founding father Benjamin Franklin on the one-hundred-dollar bill. Another term with an obvious connection to money, this is most commonly used to refer to one-hundred-dollar bills.
A term for shady cash, like counterfeit, stolen or bribe money. A synonym for food in general, this has meant money since at least the 19th century. Perhaps the most commonly used slang term for dollars, it is believed to originate from early American colonists who would often trade deerskins, or buckskins. Even better than bread or dough is a food that has icing and is served at parties.
Perhaps an obvious one, but still useful. Not necessarily a slang term when employed in a business context, but can also be used as slang to refer to any kind of money, not just capital. Does that make cents? See what I did there? Like cabbage and lettuce , this green veggie also means money. This mostly means a deliciously spicy Mexican taco, but is also slang for money. If someone has the cheddar, it means they must be making bank.
A nickname for money because Americans used to receive cheese as a welfare benefit. A reference to poker chips, it now just means money. This refers to a small amount of money, like the amount of cash a chump would have. Looking to borrow money from a friend? In the US, a dime is the coin worth ten cents, but the term can be used to mean money or an expense in general.
Okay, this one is mostly an excuse to link to this rap classic from A British slang term for money. This term means a twenty-dollar bill, so two dubs refers to 40 bucks. A gold or silver coin that was used in Europe, mostly in Venice, starting from the Middle Ages.
The very American pronunciation of the previous word is used to refer to poker chips—but also money. A gross mispronunciation of the Spanish word feria , which in Mexico is used to mean coins. A hip-hop term to describe the number of figures in an amount of money. A slang term for five-dollar bills. A five-dollar bill. This refers to the stuff that folds, i. And once again, we are back to our friend Benjamin, who appears on that much-beloved one-hundred-dollar bill.
Does this need any explanation?
Dividends — Cash money. Doubloon — Old Spanish gold coin. Dough — I spent all my dough on my new ride. Dosh — Do you want to go to that concert? Finance Terms to Know in - Decoding Money in America · Buck. A dollar. · Bacon. Money, and earning it (“bringing home the bacon”). · Benjamins. A $ bill . Four terms commonly used in earnings announcements are net income, EBITDA, GAAP, and EPS. News reports also look at how much companies have in free cash flow.